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Use base consonants only
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         t d             k ɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Affricates
            ts     ʈʂ              
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n           ɲ        
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              ɾ                                
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fricative
    f       s   ʃ   ʂ       x                  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l           ʎ        
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Camsa
UPSID number: 6863
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: South American, Equatorial
The languages has 28 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Camsa is spoken in the Sibundoy valley, Putumayo region, Colombia. Influence of Spanish has introduced a pattern of voiced stop laxing in medial position and has resulted in clearly establishing /f/ as a separate phoneme.
Sources: Howard, L. 1967. Camsa phonology. Phonemic systems of Colombian languages, pp. 73-87. Summer Institute of Linguistics and University of Oklahoma, Norman. Howard, L. 1979. Fonologia del Camsa. Sistemos Fonologicos de Idiomas Colombianos, I. SIL, Loma Linda, Colombia. Mongui Sanchez, J.R. 1981. La Lengua Kame.ntza. Fonetica-fonologia-textos. Publicaciones del Instituto Caro y Cuervo LIX, Bogota.