Select languages to compare:

Use base consonants only
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p           t               k      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                             
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fricative
                                               
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                      ɻ   j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Ngiyambaa
UPSID number: 8372
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Australian, Pama-Nyungan
The languages has 18 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Vowels occur both long and short. Long mid vowels occur but are analyzed as vowel-glide-vowel, /aji/ -> [e:] etc. Stops are "occasionally voiced medially". Initially alveolar stops and nasals don't occur, and dental and palatal stops and nasals (the "laminals") are largely predictable variants (dental initially, medially mostly predictable from vowel environment).
Sources: Donaldson, T. 1980. Ngiyambaa, The Language of the Wangaaybuwan. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, London, New York.