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Use base consonants only
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         t   d             k ɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Affricates
                               
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              r            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fricative
      v     s                               h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Ivatan
UPSID number: 2428
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Austro-Tai, W. Malayo-Polynesian
The languages has 23 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Southern Ivatan dialect. Ivatan is spoken on the islands of the Batanes province of the Philippines relatively close to Taiwan. The palato-alveolar segments historically derive from velars and are mostly still found before /i/ where velars do not occur. If an underlying /i/ is posited for the remaining cases these segments can be eliminated.
Sources: Cottle, M. and Cottle, S. 1958. The significant sounds of Ivatan. Studies in Philippine Linguistics, by members of the Summer Institute in Linguistics, University of Sydney. (Oceania Linguistic Monographs, no. 3) Heye, J. and Hidalgo, C.A. 1967. An outline of Southern Ivatan phonology. General Linguistics 7/2: 105-120. Hidalgo, C.A. and Hidalgo, A. 1971. A Tagmemic Grammar of Ivatan. Linguistic Society of the Philippines, Manila.