Select languages to compare:

Use base consonants only
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p           t               k      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ejective stops
                               
 
 
 
 
 
 
Affricates
                                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ejective affricates
                tʃʼ                  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              ɾ                                
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fricative
    f       s               x                  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Qawasqar
UPSID number: 6859
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: South American, Andean
The languages has 19 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Qawasqar is spoken by a small number of survivors (47 in 1977) on Wellington island near the Straits of Magellen, Chile. Sounds described as 'glottalized' have been interpreted as ejectives; Clairis remarks that they are 'unstable'. 'Apical' has been interpreted as alveolar. The vowels are described as being highly variable, apparently in an unconditioned way. Some words vary markedly in their vocalization. Stress is normally penultimate.
Sources: Clairis, C. 1977. Premiere approche du Qawasqar: Identification et phonologie. La Linguistique vol. 13, fasc. 1.