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Use base consonants only
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p         *t               k      
 
 
 
 
ʔ
 
Affricates
                    ʈʂ              
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           *n               ŋ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fricative
    f v             ʂ ʐ                     h  
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                                               
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l̰                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Tsou
UPSID number: 2418
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Austro-Tai, Tsouic
The languages has 21 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Tsou is spoken on the western side of Mt. Ali in Taiwan. Vowel sequences are common but can be analyzed as heterosyllabic. Stress generally falls on the penultimate syllable. The laryngealized segments are described as "preglottalized"; the laryngealized lateral is distinct from the sequence /?l/ but /?b/ is not reported by Tung (1964).
Sources: Tung, T-H. 1964. A Descriptive Study of the Tsou Language, Formosa (Special Publication 48). Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Taipei.