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Use base consonants only
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         *t *tʲ *d *dʲ             k ɡ ɡʲ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Affricates
                               
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sibilant affricates
            *ts *tsʲ *dz *dzʲ                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           *n *nʲ           ɲ   ŋ ŋʲ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
              *r *rʲ            
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fricative
    f           ʃ                           h  
Sibilant fricatives
            *s *sʲ                      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
  β̞ β̞ʲ                       j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l *lʲ                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Saami
UPSID number: 2155
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Ural-Altaic, Finno-Ugric, Finnic
The languages has 45 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: There are complex interrelations between vowels and consonants. Long and diphthongal realizations of vowels appear to be predictable if palatalization of consonants is taken as distinctive. Consonants can appear geminate and in many clusters, particularly with /h/. The Southern dialect described by Hassselbrink (1965) has been interpreted in the light of the more phonetically detailed but less phonological description of an Eastern dialect by Kert (1971).
Sources: Hasselbrink, G. 1965. Alternative Analyses of the Phonemic System in Central-South Lappish (Indiana University Publications, Uralic and Altaic Series 49). Indiana University, Bloomington. Kert, G.M. 1971. Saamskij Jazyk (Kiljdinskij Dialekt): Fonetika, Morfologija, Sintaksis. Nauka, Leningrad.