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Use base consonants only
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p b         t   d       ʈ ɖ     k ɡ    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Affricates
                               
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           n       ɳ            
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              ɾ                                
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fricative
            s                                 h  
Sibilant fricatives
                                   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
      ʋ                   j                    
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Koya
UPSID number: 2905
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Dravidian, Dravidian
The languages has 24 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: Gommu dialect. All consonants except /h/ occur geminate and all vowels appear long and short. The retroflex consonants are not the sublaminal type found most commonly in Dravidian languages but are apical postalveolar. Tyler's vowel descriptions seem sometimes at variance with the choice of symbols for transcription: the low back vowel might be rounded.
Sources: Tyler, S.A. 1969. Koya: an outline grammar. University of California Publications in Linguistics, 54. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles.