Select languages to compare:

Use base consonants only
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p   b           t   d               k   ɡ      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m             n             ɲ     ŋ      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
                                               
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fricative
    f   v       s   z   ʃ   ʒ                 ʁ              
Sibilant fricatives
                                   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   ɥ     w                  
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      l                      
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Use base consonants only

      CC, onset

      CC, onset (ordered by sonority)

      CC, coda

      CC, coda (ordered by sonority)

      CCC, onset

      CCC, onset (ordered by sonority)

      CCC, coda

      CCC, coda (ordered by sonority)

      CCCC, onset

      CCCC, onset (ordered by sonority)

      CCCC, coda

      CCCC, coda (ordered by sonority)

      CCCCC, onset

      CCCCC, onset (ordered by sonority)

      CCCCC, coda

      CCCCC, coda (ordered by sonority)

Selected languages: French
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Indo-European, Romance
The languages has 35 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments: French is spoken in Belgium, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, the Ivory Coast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, France, Haiti, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Monaco, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Switzerland, Togo and Vanuatu
Sources: Fougeron, C. and C. L. Smith. 1999. French. Handbook of the IPA. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Dart, Sarah N. 1998. Comparing French and English coronal consonant articulation. Journal of Phonetics 26, 71-94. Sten, H. 1963. Manuel de Phonetique Francaise. Munksgaard, Copenhagen. Vowels from LAPSyD https://lapsyd.huma-num.fr/lapsyd/index.php?data=view&code=97 * Clusters derived by PW from word onsets and endings in IPA-dict, including clusters like /db/ in onset which only occurs in short phrases like "de bonne heure" or "de bout en bout"; the cluster doe not occur in any single word; checked by JK. NB: clusters are incomplete since clusters which do not adhere to the sonority sequencing principles have not been read in correctly!