Select languages to compare:

Use base consonants only
Labial
Coronal
Dorsal
Radical
Laryngeal
Bilabial
Labio-dental
Dental
Alveolar
Palato-alveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epi-glottal
Glottal
Plosive
p pʲʰ b bʲ̤         *t *tʰ *d *d̤             k kʷʰ ɡ ɡʰ   ɡʷ ɡʷ̤    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Implosives
ɓ̥ ɓ         ɗ̥                      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Affricates
                tʃʰ tʃ̤                
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nasal
  m           *n           ɲ   ŋ ŋ͡m    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trill
                           
 
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
Tap, Flap
              *ɾ̪ʲ                                
Lateral flap
 
 
 
 
                   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fricative
    f v       *z               ɣ             h  
Sibilant fricatives
            *s                      
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lateral fricative
 
 
 
 
                           
 
 
 
 
 
 
Approximant
                          j   w                
Lateral approximant
 
 
 
 
      *l                    
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Front
Near-front
Central
Near-back
Back
 
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Selected languages: Igbo
UPSID number: 4116
Alternate name(s): N/A
Classification: Niger-Kordofanian, Kwa
The languages has 59 segments
Frequency index: N/A
Sounds:
Comments:
Sources: Carnochan, J. 1948. A study on the phonology of an Igbo speaker. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 22: 416-27. Ladefoged, P. 1964. A Phonetic Study of Western African Languages. Cambridge University Press. Ladefoged, P. 1976. The stops of Owerri Igbo. Studies in African Linguistics Supplement 6: 147-163. Swift, L.B., Ahaghota, A., and Ugorji, E. 1962. Igbo Basic Course. Foreign Service Institute, Washington, D.C. Ward, I.C. 1935. An Introduction to the Igbo Language. W. Heffer and Sons, Ltd., Cambridge. Williamson, K. 1969. Igbo. In E. Dunstan (ed.), Twelve Nigerian Languages. Longmans, London, 85-96.